We can be the first opposition party and say almost anything on energy issues, which are crucial for the French. The National Rally gave a new illustration of this, this Tuesday, November 1st. Guest of the morning of France Info, the deputy of Gironde Edwige Diaz was pleased to have voted, against the opinion of the government, two amendments tabled by the left to dedicate 12 billion euros to the thermal renovation of housing.
“At the RN, we are fiercely opposed to the installation of new wind turbines on the territory”, underlines Edwige Diaz, who proposes that the budget thus saved be allocated to the thermal renovation of housing. pic.twitter.com/taUq54eZJ1
— franceinfo (@franceinfo) November 1, 2022
This measure has little chance of being finally retained by the government, which should trigger article 49.3 to adopt the second part of the budget and therefore choose the amendments it wishes to retain. But eureka! Edwige Diaz has found the solution. The 12 billion in question could be taken “on the budgets that will be devoted to wind turbines. At the Rassemblement National, we are fiercely opposed to the installation of wind turbines on our territory. Not one more wind turbine that disfigures our landscapes” she assured on the radio, in accordance with the political line developed by her party, which even plans to dismantle certain wind farms. A brilliant idea if we want to seal the country’s energy future.
35% more electricity
Because contrary to what Edwige Diaz suggests, France will not get out of it by simply better insulating its homes, even if it involves necessary investments. To get out of quick reasoning, it is not useless to look at the orders of magnitude of the energy transition. France is committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050. In this context, electricity consumption is set to increase by 35% in 30 years, according to the latest report from the network managerRTE (Electricity transmission network), which serves as a frame of reference.
Certain uses – particularly in transport or industry – will be electrified, even if we are not going to switch to an all-electric society. In 2050, 45% of final energy consumption should be provided by carbon-free gas, hydrogen or other renewable energies for geothermal energy or wood, according to RTE forecasts.
To succeed in increasing the quantity of electricity, it will therefore be necessary to create new means of production. “We must reinvest massively in nuclear power”, repeated Edwige Diaz on France Info. It’s already planned even if Emmanuel Macron has fluctuated a lot, but that will not be enough. The increase in electricity production will indeed take place in a very particular context. The nuclear fleet built between the end of the 1970s and the beginning of the 1980s will close. If he is possible to extend the life of the reactors concerned, their long-term closure is a “industrial constraint”explains RTE.
A maximum of 14 EPR 2
They will therefore be stopped, almost all at the same time, between 2050 and 2060. In order not to be left without power, it is therefore necessary to deeply renew the electrical fleet. Except that politicians did not anticipate it, Emmanuel Macron in mind. The decline of the nuclear industry has been acted during the Holland quinquennium. A horizon that seemed to convince Marine Le Pen at the time. In his programme for the 2012 presidential election, Marine Le Pen believed “desirable to be able to get out of nuclear power in the long term”, while defending its maintenance in the medium term.
Problem, building new nuclear power plants will take a long time. “The new reactors whose construction would be decided would enter service from 2035 at best, at the rate of one pair every 4 years. As it stands, the possibilities of accelerating the pace of commissioning will only be able to produce significant effects from 2045”, indicates RTE in its report. In addition, the nuclear sector will only be able to produce 14 new generation EPR 2 (European Pressurized Reactor) by 2050.
It will be necessary to at least double the number of wind turbines
In the end, nuclear will represent, at best, only 50% of electricity production according to RTE’s calculations. Almost all nuclear, defended by the National Rally, is therefore only a mirage. Unless we give up on the ecological transition, by continuing to produce electricity with coal or gas, which risk of increasing household billswhile burying the energy independence of France.
In its report last February, RTE concluded “without any ambiguity, to the essential nature of a sustained development of electric renewable energies in France to respect its climate commitments”. In his most favorable nuclear scenario, the electricity network manager explained that it would be necessary to at least double the number of onshore wind turbines, create a large maritime wind farm and multiply photovoltaic installations by seven by 2050.